Work Pac For Informal Groups - Work Pac For Informal Groups album
Formal work groups can be differentiated into team groups task groups and technological groups. Team groups – these are fairly autonomous groups with broad terms of reference and limited supervisions. The team designate the positions to be filled and the allocation of members, and instigate changes as necessary. Task groups – jobs are defined clearly and individuals assigned to specific positions. The informal leader may often change according to the particular situation facing the groups. Although not usually the case, it is possible for the informal leader to be the same person as the formal leader appointed officially by management. Groups, there fore, help shape the work pattern of organisations and the attitudes and behaviour of members of their jobs. The formation and operation of work groups, and the behaviour of their members has an important significance for the manager.
Informal groups exist purely because of mutual interests and have no formal mandate from the organisation. The membership of the informal groups seeks to satisfy some need by belonging to these groups. These needs may include needs for security, knowledge acquisition, informal attempts to shape organisational policy, family, social interaction etc. Leadership position in such groups is freely accorded by the group membership based on qualities that are considered to be critical for the satisfaction of the needs of the moment, with changing needs resulting in changes of leadership
In an informal work culture, those hierarchies may never even be discussed. A solo business owner may hire his first employee without ever stating out loud where that worker will fit within the business’s organizational chart. As even more employees are hired and the business grows, some companies never officially address those issues. When discussing the advantages and disadvantages of formal and informal groups, the concept of flexibility always seems to arise. One of the biggest disadvantages of a formal work structure is that it tends to put bureaucracy in place that can slow down operations. If an employee has to go to a supervisor with an issue and wait for it to make its way up the chain, progress slows and the business can face issues as a result. Information can also get lost as it makes its way up or down, with important details forgotten or becoming skewed.
Alliances that are neither formally. structured nor organizationally determined. Natural formations in the work environment in response to the need for social contact. Three employees from different departments who regularly play and eat lunch together is an informal group. Cont’d) Defining and Classifying Groups Types of Formal Group. There are two categories a formal group:, Command Group.
The informal workforce is growing worldwide, and changes in the global structure of employment and in places of employment mean that work is a source of hazard and illhealth for many poorer workers. Citizenfocused social security programmes, such as cash transfers, do not give enough attention to the needs of ablebodied adults who work.
However, informal work groups sometimes form as teams spontaneously find their own needs to collaborate in different ways. As a business leader, be aware of these informal work groups to understand how to use them to strengthen the company. Many small businesses don't have the same financial resources that large companies have to provide support for employees in need. Team members may rally behind a co-worker who has lost a spouse in a car accident, creating a meal train or visitation schedule to make sure the co-worker isn't left to grieve alone
Informal groups are effective in maintaining your corporate culture. Informal groups cross organizational structure and can facilitate getting work done more quickly. I used to work with Joe in the other division. is the sort of informal line of communication that can bypass corporate hierarchy. This appears in small businesses as well as large ones. Informal groups also provide a support structure for workers under adverse conditions.
A brief look at informal work groups, which the author sees "as the seeds, and the tiny cells within a larger muscle of organization. In every workplace throughout all of history, workers have come together and worked together for their common interests. This takes many forms.
Groups which are not formal are informal. In other words, these are groups that are neither formally created nor controlled by the organization. These groups are natural formations in the work environment that appear in response to the need for social contact. Four employees belonging to four different departments taking their lunch together represent an example of an informal group. Informal groups arise spontaneously and voluntarily to satisfy the various social needs, not likely to be fulfilled by the formal organization. The members of such groups are called informal groups
Informal groups meet social needs of members. ZIMSEC O Level Business Studies Notes: Importance, Advantages and Disadvantages of informal groups. Informal groups play an important role within organisations. Advantages /Importance of informal groups. They satisfy the social needs of their members. The group members can help each other during times of crisis for example divorce at home and other situations for which there is no formal group help. Members encourage each other to meet an acceptable level of performance . lazy members may be told to work hard.